How to adjust a hand planer properly

Hand-held planers are no stranger to carpenters and carpentry lovers. And it plays an important role in making sure the wood surface is smooth and shaped and flat. Especially it is one of the best wood planers for beginners. Although using a planer is relatively easy, to make your planning process always highly productive and without the risk of happening is not everyone knows.

Therefore, in this article, I will give you some tips on how to adjust the hand plane to ensure that it will work optimally and bring quality results to you. I don’t take your time anymore. Let’s find out

Types of hand planers

In the tool market today, the handheld planer is designed to be extremely diverse with full colors, shapes, and sizes, and to meet the needs of most customers.



Specifically, hand wood planers have 4 main types:

  • A leveling planer is a tool commonly used in the jointing of wooden panels together.
  • Block planers are used to flatten the grain of the wood or to install doors and drawers
  • Jack planer is used for smoothing or leveling wood
  • The smooth planer is commonly used for finishing.

Each type of device performs a different specific task and function. Leading to the adjustment of each device is also different. Therefore, knowing how to adjust to each planer device is extremely necessary and important.

Check if there is a deviation or not

Checking for deviations before the adjustment is extremely necessary. In the case, your device is not misaligned and not necessary to adjust anything, but you bring out the adjustment, it will be even more harmful to the device.

To check for deviations, set the device in reverse to be able to see all the parts of the device. At this point, if you do not see the protruding part of the planer, then you need to adjust it towards the body of the machine to be able to plan wood. On the other hand, you may find that the part that sticks out a lot, you need to set it right away because it can cause the wood to be stuck quickly and hard to push. Moreover, if the machine’s iron blade is not in the right-aligned position on the sides, the blade may be skewed lead to scratch the furniture.

Adjust the iron blade

If you have these blade problems as above. To adjust, you can use a mallet to flap the tip of the planing blade. You have to tap gently because it will go out again if you hit it too hard. To check that the blade has been adjusted properly. You can take a piece of wood and try to plan. If you think it’s still not cutting well, you can use the mallet to flap it a few more times.

Flatten the sole

The sole of the planing blade must be flat for your planning process to be stable from start to finish. And If the sole is not flat, the wood after planing is still rough and your planer can be destroyed quickly. You can use the coarse abrasive to flatten sole. It means using hand pressure to flatten sole. Sharpening until you find the sole flat as you wish.

After the sole is flat, Now you have to check the perpendicularity of the sides and sole. Please use a perpendicular ruler to check.


It is the most common problem with a planer. The main cause may be wood jammed or stuck in the motor making noise. To solve this problem, try making lighter cuts and applying pressure to the knob as it moves. The second method is to increase the skew angle for the blade and sharpen it.

Planer does not cut

You are using a planer as usual, but suddenly it doesn’t work anymore. The problem makes you crazy. Please calm down. The best wood planer does not work due to many reasons. First, maybe because your socket is loose, you just need to plug it in again. Secondly, maybe your wood planing blade has a problem. To adjust please follow the first issue I pointed out above.

In conclusion

A hand planer is a very simple plan that is only made from a few parts. Despite the simplicity of its structure, there is complexity in making sure that it performs at its optimum function. Therefore, you need to check and adjust the device regularly to ensure productivity and efficiency. Have you found the suggestions I provided essential to you? I hope it was helpful to you. And thank you for taking the time to read the entire article.


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